The newest abstract out-of Phoenician myths which was preserved regarding Philo compliment of Eusebius (including biblical observes on a single topic) was previously are not regarded having suspician by the crucial scholarship and you will regarded as mainly an innovation by Philo, with no independent well worth given that a way to obtain experience in Phoenician religion. So it suspicious emotions once the disappered using this new recovery off spiritual epic books off Ugarit towards north Syrian coastline (1927-1937).
These types of tall poetical texts receive by the D.F.A great. Schaefer within the a series of tricks show your gods from Philo happen names when you look at the high area now really-known out-of Ugarit and from other supply. The fresh Philo mythology is characterized by an equivalent moral abandon and ancient barbarity having fondness to have descriptive brands and you can personifications which might be available at Ugarit.
The fresh types of degree indicate absolutely nothing improvement in the message out of Canaanite mythology between c. 1400 BC and you will 700 BC. Of a lot specifics of Philo’s account, not just in the matter of one’s names out of deities, however in brand new mythological ambiance as well are located in over agreement into Ugaritic myths and later Phoenician inscriptions. Scholars is, for this reason, rationalized in recognizing, no less than provisionally, all of the data preserved by Philo that do not include personal interpretation on the his region.
Brand new divinities and this contour in the mythological messages out of Ugarit was evidently perhaps not peculiar to the city, but was basically latest certainly one of all the Canaanites, because they brear just an unclear relationship to the most common deities worshipped in town in itself
While the myths from old Ugarit suggest, the brand new faith of your own Canaanite individuals try a harsh and you will debased sorts of ritual polytheism. It was regarding the hot fertility-cult worship of a particularly smutty and you may orgiastic form, and that proved to be way more important than any most other nature religion from the ANE.
New Ugaritic deities are now actually most widely known of the various off religious texts relationship in the 15th and you may very early fourteenth millennium BC that happen to be used in a library located for the a creating situated ranging from Ugarit’s a few great temples, you to dedicated to Baal as well as the other so you can Dagon
Canaanite deities, into the one-hand, present outstanding fluidity out of identity and you will means, which makes it commonly very hard to fix the domain of various gods or even establish its kinship to at least one various other. This is certainly among the many really unreasonable aspects of Canaanite faith, indicative of their corrupt character. Additionally, Canaanite deities keeps generally etymologically clear names, a well known fact and this generally seems to point to the latest Canaanite pantheon due to the fact representing a great cruder and ancient version of polytheism.
Various epigraphic and you will literary supply reveal the fresh new brands of the head gods and goddesses of several Canaanite citaies in numerous periods.
El is the label where the best Canaanite deity was recognized. This might be along with a reputation where Goodness is known as into the the outdated Testament — Este, the fresh God (Elohim) out-of Israel ( el elohe yisrael: Gen. ). For the majority prose it occures with greater regularity having a keen adjunct: Este Elyon (more highest God, Gen. ), El Shaddai (traditionally, God almighty, Gen. 17:1), Este Hai (The new life style Goodness, Josh. 3:10), and extremely commonly throughout the plural https://datingranking.net/cs/outpersonals-recenze/ regarding majesty, Elohim. Inside Hebrew poetry El is more frequent, in which they stands normally without the adjunct (Ps. , 33, 48; ; Job 8:3).
The term El is a simple identity to have “god” for the Northwest Semitic (Hebrew and you can Ugaritic) and as such it is also found in the existing Testament getting heathen deities otherwise idols (Old boyfriend. ; Ps. ; Are. ). The original general label are ‘ilum ; shedding the latest mimation as well as the nominative case stop ( you ) gets ‘el during the Hebrew. It was most likely an adjectival development (intransitive participle) in the options “getting good, powerful” ( ‘wl ), meaning “The fresh Solid (or Effective) One to.”